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KYU Barometer on recruitment tensions – Second line professions – March 2022 edition

Employment & skills Studies
KYU Barometer on recruitment tensions – Second line professions – March 2022 edition

During the health crisis, workers outside the medical profession continued to work on site to provide essential services to our society. These home helpers, cleaners, cashiers, etc. are known as 2nd line jobs.

10 economic sectors in particular account for these jobs: social work without accommodation, land transport, investigation and security, retail trade, specialised construction work, building services, food industries, warehousing and transport services, waste collection, treatment and disposal, crop and animal production. On average, 45% of 2nd line employees work in these sectors, which account for two-thirds of 2nd line jobs (2.9 million employees).

Despite a shortfall in working conditions (low pay, part-time working, etc.), recruitment pressures in these sectors are on average lower than at the national level. The high availability of labour and the good match between training and jobs limit these tensions.


However, the situation and dynamics vary from one sector to another:


– Sectors that are already under pressure could see their difficulties intensify as the number of recruitments increases (social work without accommodation, specialised construction work, land transport, retail trade);

– Sectors where recruitment is increasing on a more limited scale should see their tensions even out (food industry, investigation and security, building services);

– Some sectors are recruiting at lower levels than they were before the crisis, and could see pressures decrease (warehousing and logistics, crop and animal production, waste management, treatment and collection).


Risk factors could lead to an increase in tensions:


– In the short and medium term, soaring fuel prices are leading to higher mileage costs, which could reduce the available workforce and intensify tensions, particularly in the home help and security professions.

– By 2030, the intensity of recruitment needs is expected to increase for home helpers, maintenance workers, drivers, finishing trades workers, materials handling workers and salespeople, who are among the 15 occupations that will have the most vacancies in 2030 (source: Métiers 2030, France Stratégie and Dares).


Click here for our full analysis:


KYU Barometer on recruitment tensions – Second line professions – March 2022 edition


Key achievements            

  • Assessment of recruitment tensions and their origins prior to the health crisis
  • Analysis of the dynamics of tensions after the health crisis
  • Identification of the risks currently weighing on these professions and sectors


Key figures :

4.6 million: the number of employees in 2nd line jobs

10 sectors: account for 2/3 of jobs in 2nd line professions

18%: recruitment pressures are on average 18% lower than the national average


Between +14% and +67%: the increase in job vacancies published between 2019 and 2021 in the social work without accommodation, specialised construction work, land transport and retail sectors